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Spending Ups & Downs in 2020

The amount spent in restaurants plummeted by over a fifth in December 2020 compared to the previous year according to the latest Bank of Scotland Spending Power Report has found.

Non-essential spend fell 1% year on year across the same period; as the hospitality industry bore the brunt of tough restrictions through the month to combat the spread of Covid.

This marked the first month since June where spending on non-essentials had fallen compared to 2019.

Not surprisingly recreational spending fell by almost a third compared to December 2019 (26%).

Other retail spend, which includes online market places, had a 26% year on year increase in takings and electrical spending increased 43% over the same period.

Gabby Collins, Head of Payments at Bank of Scotland, said:

“By the end of what was an extraordinary year, people in Scotland have shown remarkable resilience in their finances. From all-time lows seen in April and May, essential spend was up on the previous year over the summer and autumn as people adapted; but the tightening restrictions clearly impacted spending towards the end of the year. 

“However the things people are buying are drastically different to a year ago. This is likely due to several sector closures – as we’ve seen with restaurant spending – and the diversion of cash towards more groceries, the home and home improvements”.

Supermarket spend ends the year up by a quarter

Spending in supermarkets continued to surpass 2019 levels, up 24% in December, on last year.

Overall essential spend, which increased 6% year on year in the month, was held back from further gains by a dip in both commuting and fuel spend (58% and 17% down year on year respectively).

First week of January following lockdown in mainland Scotland spending trend

With lockdown now in place across mainland Scotland, the latest debit and credit card customer spending data shows that across the first week of January, people spent 8% less than the year before. In March 2020, in the week of the first lockdown, year on year spend had plummeted 39%.

Given the severity and shock of the first lockdown in March 2020, it’s not surprising commuting sectors ground to a halt. Spending on fuel had dipped 53% in the first seven days of the March lockdown, compared to 2019, and spending on the commute by 86%. At the start of this lockdown 2021, fuel spend fell less severely – by 30% – compared to the same week in January 2019, as did commuter spend, which dipped 76% over the same period.

Restaurants have also fared slightly better in the most recent lockdown, compared to last March. With many restaurants adapting over the past 9 months to services like delivery, spending fell 30% in the first week of lockdown, compared to the same period in 2020. In the first week of the March lockdown, people spent 75% less, than the same week in 2019.

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