The International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) and International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) began drilling into the focus of the Chicxulub impact structure off the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico in 2016.
“Combined with the highly precise growth-ring dating, the climatic changes over the 1700 year lifetime of the kauri tree can be linked to other records of environmental change. “
Researchers have found the chemical remnants of the magma ocean in 3.6-billion-year-old rocks from southwestern Greenland.
Dr Frankie Dunn a paleontologist and Research Fellow at Oxford University Museum of Natural History and Merton College presented ‘On the Dawn of the Cambrian Explosion of Life: The Scottish fossil evidence’.
“rocks of Archaean age form a very small proportion of the Earth’s continental surface, the bulk having been buried by younger rocks.”
“Ultimately, the source of free oxygen in the Earth System is photosynthesis, but that is the result of a chemical balance in the biosphere and hydrosphere that operates at the surface and just beneath it in sediments. “
“The 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was one of the deadliest natural disasters since the start of the 20th century, with an estimated death toll of around 230 thousand. “
“Development of depleted and viscous sub-continental mantle on the early Earth – a precedes b – TTG signifies tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite rocks typical of Archaean cratons (Credit, Capitanio et al.; Fig 5)”
Mars used to be a wet world, as evidenced by rock records of lakes, rivers, and glaciers.
” the swamps and river systems that immediately followed the last ice age have become known collectively as Doggerland.”